In the last four months, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted immigration flows around the world. In a presentation at the 2020 NBER Summer Institute, Research Associate Gordon Hanson of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University outlines the factors that will determine the longer-term immigration effects of the pandemic. Watch the video here.
Eight NBER working papers distributed this week examine the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the actual or potential consequences of various policy responses to it.
The studies address research questions including the impact of the pandemic on the pace of automation (27249), the ratio of undetected to detected COVID-19 infections (27528), the role of public health messages on case reporting and self-protective behavior in India (27496), and the relationship between electoral pressures on political leaders and the strength of the pandemic-fighting measures that they adopt (27498). Other studies examine the determinants of social distancing behavior (27531), the impact of a large public gathering on COVID-19 infection rates (27522), the effect of working in an occupation that precludes work-from-home on pandemic risk (27519), and the lessons of natural disasters, such as hurricanes, for the extent to which hospitals are likely to recoup lost revenues associated with patients whose treatment was canceled or postponed at the height of the pandemic (27505).
More than 180 NBER working papers issued in 2020 have reported on pandemic-related research.
Using Chilean data, David Card and Alex Solis find that access to loans increases the fraction of high-scoring students who return to university for a second year by 20 percentage points and boosts the fraction who complete a bachelor’s degree by 12 percentage points.
Since the 2013 introduction of California’s carbon market, the world’s second largest, thedisparity in pollution exposure between disadvantaged and other communities has fallen by 21 to 30 percent, according to a study by Danae Hernandez-Cortes and Kyle C. Meng
The NBER Summer Institute is a collection of more than 50 distinct research meetings, on a wide range of topics, taking place between July
6 and July 25. Most meetings are being live-streamed on the NBER YouTube channel. The schedule of meetings may be found here.
The live-stream URLs are assigned each day by YouTube, and they will be posted as soon as they are available here.
The summer issue of the Bulletin on Health features two studies that introduce methods for using currently available information to better understand COVID-19 infection rates and the implied infection fatality rates. One paper generates upper and lower bounds on the rates of COVID-19 infection under minimal assumptions, and finds that these bounds are necessarily wide, due to the small proportion of the population that has been tested. The second paper leverages additional assumptions and data, such as travel patterns from the virus epicenters, to infer infection rates. Although the studies take different approaches, they both indicate that infection fatality rates are considerably lower than the fatality rates among confirmed COVID-19 cases. Also featured in this issue of the free Bulletin on Health are a study of the long-term impacts of OxyContin’s reformulation on fatal drug overdoses, a study of the role of Medicaid coverage in reducing infant mortality during flu pandemics, and a profile of NBER research associate Doug Almond.
Fewer than half of low-income and part-time workers have access to paid [sick?] leave. In the absence of federal action, numerous states and localities have enacted sick pay mandates. A study summarized in the current issue of the Bulletin on Retirement and Disability finds that following the introduction of a mandate, coverage rises by 13 percentage points, from an initial level of 66 percent overall. Also in this issue: a summary of how student loan forgiveness affects disability insurance applications, a study of how bill timing affects low-income and aged households, and a feature on the NBER Retirement and Disability Research Center’s Training Fellowship program.
New NBER affiliates are appointed through a highly competitive process that begins with a call for nominations in January. Candidates are evaluated based on their research records and their capacity to contribute to the NBER's activities by program directors and steering committees. New affiliates must hold primary academic appointments in North America. On January 1, 2020, there were 1,581 NBER-affiliated researchers based at 180 institutions.